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The SWA, according to its Royal Decree of establishment is required to "Develop and implement plans to preserve wildlife in its natural ecology and to propose the establishment of proper protected areas and reserves for wildlife in the Kingdom, and to manage such areas…." In accordance with this mandate, the Authority strives to protect, conserve, and develop the wildlife resources in terms of the laws of Saudi Arabia, and the welfare of its people.


Goals of the Authority

The third article of the Authority's by-laws issued by the Royal decree which established it, states that "The Authority shall be mainly concerned with the preservation, protection and development of wildlife, carrying out biological research and applying the results to ensure an ecological balance including but not limited to:

  • Encouraging and carrying out scientific research in different fields of life science especially in wildlife ecology.
  • Urging public interest in ecological aspects of wildlife, and to seek proper solutions to problems through meetings, symposia and conferences attended by concerned specialists.
  • Carrying out comprehensive surveys of available data and results of research, concerning wildlife and natural ecology in Saudi Arabia, gained from materials published in both national and international references.
  • Developing and implementing plans and projects to preserve and maintain wildlife in their natural ecology by establishing protected areas and reserves in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in additional to the execution of orders and regulations regarding such areas and projects.
  • Co-operating with different ministries, authorities, national and international institutions and individuals and acts to be taken in pursuance to the planned purposes of the Center.

With sensible management, the viability of natural systems can be vitalized and their productivity enhanced as the basis for sustainable development and reinforcing the durability of the national economy.

The Saudi Arabia legal system subscribes to the Shari'ah which is both a state and religious law and provides a solid foundation for sustainable development based on the wise use of all natural resources. It stresses the importance of conserving renewal resources, and man's responsibility in using them to generate the greatest good over time. Although man has the right to use these resources, he is not permitted to abuse them. He is required to pass them on to future generations in an unimpaired condition. In formulating its conservation policies the Authority follows the social, economic and ecological wisdom of this philosophy.


The Authority recognizes the need for requiring a wide range of reliable ecological and socio-economic data to determine the ecological imperatives for sound resource conservation and development. The collection, analysis, evaluation and storage of the necessary information's part of the scientific backup that the Authority has developed. To ensure that his programme retains its cost-effectiveness, the Authority has a tightly controlled scientific program with carefully selected priorities to fulfill its mandate. The program's efficiency is ensured by using the simplest possible techniques, supported by the use of the latest technological facilities and by avoiding the duplication of work. Three research centers were established to carry on these programs.


The Authority has developed a very successful captive breeding program for several of its rare and endangered species. It has a national strategy for captive breeding and reintroduction of these species. Successful reintroduction's have taken place in several protected areas. From a founder population of 54 the Arabian Oryx now numbers approximately 350, while the total herd of the three gazelle species is well over 800 individuals. Problems during the early stages of the captive breeding of houbara have been overcame. Through a process of artificial insemination and natural breeding a fertility level of over 80% is being maintained, and advances in the husbandry of the chicks are also paying dividends. During the 1993 season more than 300 chicks have been successfully raised and many of them were released into protected areas.


The Authority has launched an aggressive public awareness program in the Kingdom with the production of diverse educational materials. It has produced TV documentaries on conservation related topic. Brochures and posters are also developed on an ongoing basis. A permanent exhibition on the wildlife of the Kingdom is housed at the Visitor's Centre, located at the Authority's headquarters in Riyadh. The Authority has a well stocked library which also houses more than 200 internal reports on various research projects and its own publication son conservation - related issues. It also maintain a large audio-visual library with copies of video and audio cassettes and photographic slides. Lists of these materials are made available on request to other conservation organizations and agencies.


Environmental issues and the management strategies required for their resolution transgress political boundaries. The Authority therefore places high importance on international cooperation. The Authority maintains ties with several international conservation agencies and NGO's in seeking solutions to common problems. With the IUCN the Authority has an especially rewarding relationship. It also shares information and experience on an international basis, and with joint ventures strives for the protection of the reliance and sustainability of the global environment.


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Last Updated on Saturday, 04 May 2013 08:27
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